Nowadays Czech language courses are quite popular among Kazakhstani people. Several factors contribute to this. The first is the fact that higher education in the Czech Republic is free of charge and everyone who speaks Czech has a unique opportunity to get a higher education in one of the European countries. In addition, Czech refers to the Western Slavic language group, and therefore has much in common with Russian. Literally in a few minutes of your stay in the Czech Republic you will begin to understand the meaning of many signs, the meaning of individual words and expressions, and after a few days you will probably be able to make a simple small conversation with the locals.
The Czech language is one of the Slavic languages, language of the Czechs. It belongs to the group of West Slavic languages, it is the closest to the Slovak language, with which it joins into the Czech-Slovak subgroup. It is the official language of the Czech Republic (úřední jazyk) and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union (since 2004). It is quite spread in the Czech Republic, as well as in the US, Canada, Slovakia, Serbia, Austria and many other countries. In a number of countries in Central and Eastern Europe, in which the Czechs are usually settled compactly, Czech language has a status of regional language.
In stylistic terms, Czech language is quite complex system. There are four levels:
1. Literary language (spisovná čeština) is a written form of the language, codified in the Czech Language Rules (Pravidla českého pravopisu) and in the Dictionary of literature Czech language (Slovník spisovné češtiny). It is enlarged with words from spoken and general Czech language.
2. Book language (knižní čeština) is a literary language with extensive use of obsolete words.
3. Spoken language (hovorová čeština) is an oral form of the literary language, with some borrowings from general Czech language. On the one hand, it have not an unnecessarily diligent, artificial school or poetic tone in pronunciation, on the other hand, it does not include linguistic units of vulgar language and obvious dialectisms.
4. General Czech (obecná čeština) is an oral form of language, interdialect or Koine in Bohemia and western Moravia, partially following the Czech Language Rules. It has its own phonetic features.
Level of Czech language
Level A1. You should compile simple sentences about yourself and other people, you are able to communicate on simple topics and be able to ask questions. The exam for all levels is divided into two parts: oral and written. The oral part implies your conversation with the three examiners. The written part consists of three tasks: reading, listening and a small essay. Questions about what you have read and heard will be included in the test.
Level B1. You should be able to tell about events in the past, present and future tenses, about your goals and plans. In addition, you will be expected to express your point of view about a book or film. This level assumes that you understand TV and radio programs in Czech.
Level B2. You are able to conduct a discussion about current public topics. You understand literary works in Czech.
Level C. You do not face any problems with participating in a conversation on any topic due to language barrier. You are able to understand scientific literature and write a text in scientific style.